Last edited by Mezilrajas
Tuesday, April 28, 2020 | History

4 edition of Animal models for intestinal disease found in the catalog.

Animal models for intestinal disease

Animal models for intestinal disease

  • 348 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by CRC Press in Boca Raton, Fla .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Intestines -- Diseases -- Animal models,
  • Veterinary gastroenterology,
  • Intestinal Diseases,
  • Disease Models, Animal

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies and index.

    Statementeditor, Carl J. Pfeiffer.
    SeriesCRC series on gastrointestinal disease, CRC series in gastrointestinal disease.
    ContributionsPfeiffer, Carl J.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC860 .A55 1985
    The Physical Object
    Pagination306 p. :
    Number of Pages306
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2845628M
    ISBN 100849362156
    LC Control Number84007696

    Genetic factors in animal models of intestinal inflammation RBALFOUR SARTOR MD C LINICAL INVESTIGATORS HAVE compellingly documented a ge-netic component in ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease (1). There is an in-creased incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in family members, a predilection for these disorders in cer-. Animal models are useful tools to investigate underlying pathology and validate therapeutic strategies. Transgenic models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are based on introducing into animals gene mutations associated with ALS. The superoxide dismutase1 (SOD1) gene mouse model was the first made, but other models based on different genes and in different animals . The scientific community would greatly benefit from these animal models that mimic the best way possible the natural physiology of such a complex disease. Despite intensive efforts, many questions remain unanswered in the field of extracellular vesicles, which the answer could revolutionize today’s view both of the normal organism physiology Author: Bárbara Adem, Sónia A. Melo.


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Animal models for intestinal disease Download PDF EPUB FB2

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease.

The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Series Gastrointestinal Diseas: Animal Models For Intestinal Disease (Crc Series on Gastrointestinal Disease) by Pfeiffer and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at   Animal models have been used to address a variety of scientific questions, from basic science to the development and assessment of novel vaccines, or therapies.

The use of animals is not only based on the vast commonalities in the biology of most mammals, but also on the fact that human diseases often affect other animal by:   Michelle EA, Borm GB et al () Animal models of inflammatory bowel disease. Drug Discov Today Dis Models – Google Scholar Mitrovic M, Shahbazian A, Bock E, Pabst MA, Holzer P () Chemo-nociceptive signalling from the colon is enhanced by mild colitis and blocked by inhibition of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 by: She has developed novel large animal models for study of GI disease, including porcine and equine enteroids and a porcine small intestinal transplant model with collaborators at Duke.

Gonzalez maintains a clinical commitment to the Animal models for intestinal disease book State Veterinary Hospital, where she provides emergency services with a focus on acute surgical digestive.

The appropriate use of animal models is essential to ascertain the etiology of intestinal inflammatory diseases, and is advantageous when elucidating the processes involved in the onset and progression of acute and chronic by: Animal models with persistent elevated TNF exhibit IBD-like inflammatory changes in the mucosa and are widely used to study intestinal chronic inflammatory processes.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal Animal models for intestinal disease book and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of Animal models for intestinal disease book model for the study of human disease.

The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal Animal models for intestinal disease book and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and 5/5(1). Animal models for intestinal disease book Models of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

10, 11 although none of them fully recapitulated the biological complexity of human disease. 12 Murine Author: Atsushi Mizoguchi. Insights into the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are rapidly advancing due to investigations in a plethora Animal models for intestinal disease book animal models of intestinal inflammation.

IBD is a group of idiopathic, chronic, and relapsing inflammatory conditions mainly affecting colon and Author: Sumit Jamwal, Puneet Kumar.

Preclinical models for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by two major clinical manifestations: Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis Animal models for intestinal disease book.

CD can affect any regions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract from mouth to anus. In contrast, UC causes acute colonic inflammation. A centralized resource for assessing and identifying animal models for the study of human disease About the Author P.

Michael Conn is the Senior Vice President for Research and Associate Provost, Texas Tech Health Sciences : $   Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine impart a significant and negative impact on the health and well-being of human and non-human mammalian animals.

Understanding the underlying mechanisms of inflammatory disease is mandatory to develop effective treatment and prevention strategies. As inflammatory disease etiologies are Cited by: Animal models to study acute and chronic intestinal inflammation in mammals Janelle A.

Jiminez1,2, Trina C. Uwiera3, G. Douglas Inglis1* and Richard R. Uwiera2* Abstract Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine impart a significant and negative impact on the health and well-being of human and non-human mammalian by: Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease, Second Edition, provides needed information on model sharing, animal alternatives, animal ethics and access to databanks of models, bringing together common descriptions of models for busy researchers across biomedical and biological sciences.

Offering easily searchable advantages and disadvantages for each animal model. Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease.

The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and Format: Hardcover. This book discusses the history, prevalence, economic costs, disease control, diagnosis, vaccine development, aetiological agent, and control programmes of paratuberculosis in ruminants.

Topics discussed are: history of paratuberculosis; prevalence and economics of infection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis; epidemiology of Mycobacterium avium subsp. 5/5(2). tion have been used to prevent or treat chronic intestinal inflammation in several animal models, thus highlight-ing a role of T cells in disease pathogenesis.

In addition, it was found that the commensal bacterial flora drives intestinal inflammation and inflammation was abrogat-ed in several models when mice were raised under germ-free Cited by: If a disease‐causing agent is novel, and no animal models are described, the researcher must identify and develop animal models.

By identifying the relationship of a novel agent to known pathogens with established animal models (eg, through identification and rRNA sequencing), animals for modeling may be initially selected based on known Cited by: 6.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, progressive, inflammatory disorders of the intestinal tract.

IBD has a prevalence of perand some ethnic groups, such as Ashkenazi Jews, have a particularly high incidence. Ulcerative colitis is limited to the colon and involves diffuse mucosal inflammation, while Crohn’s.

This book is the outcome of Workshop on Animal Models for Microbiome Research: Advancing Basic Science and Translational Research, hosted by the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR).Microbiome and germ-free researchers James Fox, Joseph Newsome, Wendy Garrett, Jeffrey Gordon and Vincent Young organized the workshop, with the following goals:Author: James Vitale.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Preclinical animal models of IBD plays an important role in the understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease.

IBD is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology with two major categories: Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn’s Disease (CD). Liara Gonzalez, DVM, PhD, DACVS is a veterinarian, specialty trained in large animal surgery, with a clinical and research focus on intestinal disease.

Gonzalez’ research has aimed to develop and utilize large animal models to translate lab bench findings into clinically relevant therapeutic interventions that benefit both human. Model organisms are drawn from all three domains of life, as well as most widely studied prokaryotic model organism is Escherichia coli (E.

coli), which has been intensively investigated for over 60 is a common, gram-negative gut bacterium which can be grown and cultured easily and inexpensively in a laboratory setting.

It is the most widely used. Gonzalez is a veterinarian, specialty trained in large animal surgery, with a clinical and research focus on intestinal disease. Gonzalez’ research has aimed to develop and utilize large animal models to translate lab bench findings into clinically relevant therapeutic interventions that benefit both human and veterinary patients.

An animal model (short for animal disease model) is a living, non-human, often genetic-engineered animal used during the research and investigation of human disease, for the purpose of better understanding the disease process without the added risk of harming an actual gh biological activity in an animal model does not ensure an effect in humans.

The key concept for the natural animal models strategy is based on the relatively high frequency of carriers even for rare recessive diseases. For example, as shown here, a disease that occurs in only 1 per million animals has a disease frequency of 1/ animals.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and.

Preclinical Models of Infectious Disease Main Areas of Focus To provide in vivo product testing for researchers who have developed promising products, but who lack either the resources or expertise needed to perform that testing in animal models.

Animal models of ischemia-reperfusion induced intestinal injury: progress and promise for translational research.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol Gonzalez LM, Moeser AJ, Blikslager AT. Porcine models of digestive disease: the future of large animal translational research.

Translational Research Gonzalez LM, Fogle CF, Baker WT. – Disease occurs only in animal models when gut bacteria are present – GWAS identified genetic risk loci for UC and CD (28 shared) and many involve pathways for protection of host against gut microbiota‐regulation of epithelial barrier, microbial defenses, regulation of innate/adaptive immunity.

Other research considered important by the committee included on-going studies of Crohn’s susceptibility genes and familial tendencies, gene microarray studies to determine which genes are up- and down-regulated in Crohn’s disease and. Recent studies have described intestinal dysbiosis (ie, changes in intestinal microbiota composition and/or diversity) in various acute and chronic gastrointestinal (GI) disorders.

1 Additionally, initial data in human and animal models have linked chronic dysbiosis, such as that caused by antibiotic exposure, to extraintestinal disorders such. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xi, pages: illustrations ; 26 cm: Contents: Models of human monogenic and polygenic disorders in the laboratory mouse; transgenic and knockout models of human polygenic diseases; analysis of physiologic effects of blood pressure and other QTL in congenic diabetes-prone rats.

Practical strategies for improving the use of animal models for studying human disease include designing human clinical trials that replicate the conditions that were tested for in the animal model.

Several studies have linked changes in the intestinal microbiota to NAFLD and NASH. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth has been demonstrated to coexist with NAFLD and NASH. Only 30% of patients with steatosis progress to NASH.

Several studies in human subjects and animal models support a role of endotoxin for progression of NAFLD. Laboratory animal models for the study of human disease are developed and used to study the cause, nature and cure of human disorders.

They may conveniently be categorized in one of the following five groups; 1. Induced (experimental) disease models. Spontaneous (mutant) disease models.

Gene-modified disease models. Transgenic. The themes of this section were organized under the general topics of predisposing factors (genetics, animal models, infection, permeability, and immune deficits) and the pathophysiology of intestinal : Springer Netherlands.

DISEASE Coccidiosis A protozoan of which several species is responsible. Occurs in two forms: cecae and intestinal. Cecae is the acute form that develops rapidly & causes high mortality rate, bloody droppings, & sudden death.

Intestinal coccidiosis is chronic in nature, and its symptoms are loss of appetite, weakness, pale comb, & low production. Learn more about animal pdf problems by exploring our site and become a true expert pdf the animal kingdom.

You'll find content created for the best professionals with pictures, videos and opinions. Gastroenteritis is a disease that almost all of us have suffered from at some point, so we know what its symptoms are. Animal models 1. Presented by: Shashwati Paul II Year PG Dept. of Periodontology 2.

Introduction Definition History Need for animal models Categories of animal models Classification Model selection Species selection Animal models used in periodontal research Advantages in periodontal research Limitations in periodontal studies Controversies .Inflammatory bowel disease ebook be modeled in zebrafish using a chemical called oxazolone, which induces intestinal inflammation (Brugman et al.

). By treating zebrafish with the antibiotic vancomycin, Fusobacteria became the dominant phyla in the gut microbiota, and the inflammatory response observed in response to oxazolone was markedly.